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THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1950

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1950

The Constitution of India 1950 are the heirs of past as well as testator of future – “jennings”

A Constitution is a document which outlines the frameworks and principal functions of the organs of government of a sttate

Constitution of India 1950is thre SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND .It is the lentghiest Constitution in the world originally having 395 articles ,22 parts and 8 schedules,

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND EVOLUTION

The Constitution is product of not only a political revolution but of research and deliberation of a body of representative [contituent assembly].adopted on 26 november,1949 [law day] And enforce on 26 january ,1950[republic day ],the journey of making of constitution could be traced back to 1600 when britishers came india as traders.

They passed major acts and regulations that hold great importance in organising from of functioning and administration of british government in india

they are

  • Regulating act of 1772http://BAR&BENCH
  • Governer of bengal Designated as governor general of bengal-warren hasting first governor general
  • Excutive council of governor general establish[4 members]
  • Supreme court established in 1774 at FORT WILLAM ,CALCUTTA
  • Pitt”s India act of 1784
  • The commercial and political function seprated
  • court of directors for commercial functions and board of control for political affairs
  • Governor”s general council reduced to three members
  • Charter act of 1833
  • Governor general of bengal designated as governor general of india lLORD WILLAM BENTICK first such governor general of india
  • now company became purely adminstrative body and commercial actvities came to an end
  • This act was final step towards centerlisation in india
  • Charter act of 1853 legislative and excetive council of governor general council separeted
  • introduction of system of open competition for civil servant recruitment
  • Governement of India act 1858 compinaes rule replaced by croun-rule,to be excirse by seceratary of state for india ,assisted by council of india [15 members] .
  • The governor general of india was made the viceroy of india ,LORD CANNING first such viceroy
  • Indian council ‘s act of 1861
  • Legislative council’s established in center and provinces
  • Introduction of indian representation in viceroy’s excutive and legislative council
  • recognisation to portfoliu system decentralistation of legislative powers initated
  • Indian council act of 1892
  • increased functions
  • introduction of nomination of non offical members .
  • Indian council act of 1909 [morely-minto reforms]
  • increased the size of legislative council
  • s p sinah first indian to join viceroy council
  • Government of india act 1919
  • dyarchy system introduced
  • Bycamerlism introduced along with direct election
  • Government of india act 1935
  • three listed introduced [federal ,provincial and concerrnt list ]
  • Abolished dyarchyn system and council of india
  • Indian independence act 1947
  • declared india as independent and soverign state

constuient assembly

  • Fromed on november 1946 ,first meeting on december 1946
  • Dr Rajendra prasad presedent and Dr b r ambedikar is the chairman of drafting committee
  • Total time taken 2 years 11 months 18 days
  • the final draft introduce on 4th november 1948
  • Constitution was adopeted on 26 november 1949 nut remaining provisions came into force on 26 january 1950http://legallyyours.in